Functional Movement Screen in Referenced Journal Articles

Written by Kyle Barrow FMS Monday, April 18, 2016 FMS Research

Below is a list of independent Functional Movement Screen research that has been published in journal articles. we are unable to show the full article due to copyright issues, so please click the links for more information.  

Injury Validity

 

 Predicting Musculoskeletal Injury in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division 2 Athletes From Asymmetries and Individual-Test Versus Composite Functional Movement Screen Scores.

This article found that  movement pattern asymmetry or a low FMS individual test score was a better predictor of musculoskeletal injury than the composite FMS score.

Mokha, M., Sprague, P. A., & Gatens, D. R. (2016, January 21). Predicting Musculoskeletal Injury in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II Athletes From Asymmetries and Individual-Test Versus Composite Functional Movement Screen Scores. Journal of Athletic Training, 276(82).

 

Functional Movement Screening performance of Brazilian jiu-jitsu athletes from Brazil: differences considering practice time and combat style.

This article found that Poor FMS score was observed and lower scores in the FMS were associated with higher risk of injury in BJJ athletes.

Vecchio, F. B., Foster, D., & Arruda, A. (2016). Functional Movement Screening performance of Brazilian jiu-jitsu athletes from Brazil. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 1. doi:10.1519/jsc.0000000000001324

 

What Risk Factors Are Associated With Musculoskeletal Injury in US Army Rangers? A Prospective Prognostic Study

This article found an increased risk of injury was associated with differences between ankle dorsiflexion and pain with movement during the Functional Movement Screen clearance tests.

(Teyhen, D., Shaffer, S., Butler, R., Goffar, S., Kiesel, K., Rhon, D., Plisky, P. (2015). What Risk Factors Are Associated With Musculoskeletal Injury in US Army Rangers? A Prospective Prognostic Study. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® ClinOrthopRelatRes)

 

Quality of Functional Movement Patterns and Injury Examination In Elite-Level Male Professional Football Players

This article found that ankle injuries can effect FMS Hurdle Step performance and knee and hip injuries can effect FMS Deep Squat performance The authors also noted that lower limb differences from left to right were found in 40% of the participants. 

(Zalai, D., Panics, G., Bobak, P., Csáki, I., & Hamar, P. (n.d.). Quality of functional movement patterns and injury examination in elite-level male professional football players. ActaPhysiologicaHungarica, 34-42.)

 

Association Between the Functional Movement Screen and Injury Development in College Athletes

This article found that ankle injuries can effect FMS Hurdle Step performance and knee and hip injuries can effect FMS Deep Squat performance The authors also noted that lower limb differences from left to right were found in 40% of the participants. 

(Garrison, M., Westrick, R., Johnson, M., & Benenson, J. (2015). Association between the functional movement screen and injury development in college athletes. IntJ Sports PhysTher, 21-8.)

 

Injury History, sex, and performance on the Functional Movement Screen and Y- Balance Test

This article found that if subjects had an injury to the Elbow, Hip, Hand, shoulder or knee the lower the FMS composite score. The authors also emphasized that past injury and sex affected the overall FMS score. 

(Chimera, N., Smith, C., & Warren, M. (n.d.). Injury History, Sex, and Performance on the Functional Movement Screen and Y Balance Test. Journal of Athletic Training, 475-485.)

 

Functional Movement Screen for Predicting Running Injuries in 18-24 Year-Old Competitive Male Runners

This article found that in competitive running the deep squat and active straight leg raise test is a more effective method for looking at risk than the overall composite score. 

(Hotta, T., Nishiguchi, S., Fukutani, N., Tashiro, Y., Adachi, D., Morino, S., Aoyama, T. (n.d.). Functional Movement Screen for Predicting Running Injuries in 18–24 Year-Old Competitive Male Runners. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,1-1.)

 

Prediction of Injury by Limited and Asymmetrical Fundamental Movement Patterns in American Football Players

This article found that during professional football preseason the players who score <14 exhibited a higher risk for injury. Additionally, players who had, at least, 1 movement pattern asymmetry combined with  a score <14 was leading cause of injury. 

(Kiesel, K., Butler, R., & Plisky, P. (2014). Prediction of Injury by Limited and Asymmetrical Fundamental Movement Patterns in American Football Players. JSR Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 88-94)

 

Functional Movement Screen Normative Values and Validity in High School Athletes: Can the FMS be Used as a Predictor of Injury?

This article found the FMS cannot be solely used as a predictor of injury, but, indicated that shoulder mobility scores were significantly lower in high school athletes. This finding may support the regional interdependence model, in which “seemingly unrelated impairments in a remote anatomical region may contribute to, or be associated with, the patient's primary complaint".

(Bardenett, S., Micca, J., DeNoyelles, J., Miller, S., Jenk, D., & Brooks, G. (2015). Functional Movement Screen Normative Values and Validity in High School Athletes: Can the FMS Be Used As a Predictor of Injury ? IntJ Sports PhysTher, 10(3), 303-308.)

 

Relationship Between Functional Movement Screening Score and History of Injury

This article found that competitive runners were 4.7 times greater chance of suffering an acute lower extremity injury during a regular competitive season if they scored less than 17 on the FMS

There were statistical differences between the pre-season FMS scores of the injured and non-injured groups, the ankle injury, knee injury, and non-injured groups, and also between contact injury, non-contact injury, and non-injured groups.

(Shojaedin, S., Letafatkar, A., Hadadnezhad, M., & Dehkhoda, M. (2013). Relationship between functional movement screening score and history of injury and identifying the predictive value of the FMS for injury. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 355-360.)

 

Risk factors, Testing and Preventative Strategies for Non-Contact Injuries in Professional Football: Current Perceptions and Practices of 44 Teams from Various Premier League

This article found that The Functional Movement Screen was ranked the number 1 tool to identify injury risk in 44 Professional International Premier leagues teams. Additionally, the top five perceived risk factors in rank order were previous injury, fatigue, muscle imbalance, fitness and movement efficiency.

Mccall, A., Carling, C., Nedelec, M., Davison, M., Gall, F., Berthoin, S., & Dupont, G. (2014). Risk factors, testing and preventative strategies for non-contact injuries in professional football: Current perceptions and practices of 44 teams from various premier leagues. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 1352-1357.

 

Functional Movement Screen and Aerobic Fitness to Predict Injuries in Military Training

This article found that Marine Corp candidates who scored poorly on the 3-mile test, combined with low FMS scores (<14) were 4.2 times more likely to experience an injury. 

Lisman, P., O’Connor, F., Deuster, P., & Knapik, J. (n.d.). Functional Movement Screen and Aerobic Fitness Predict Injuries in Military Training. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 636-643.

 

Modifiable Risk Factors Predict Injuries in Firefighters During Training Academies

This article found that during firefighter training academy, the Functional Movement Screen cut score of ≤ 14 was able to discriminate between those at a greater risk for injury.

Deep squat and push up component of the FMS were statistically significant predictors of injury status along with the sit and reach test.

Bulter, R., Contreras, M., Burton, L., Plisky, P., Goode, A., & Kiesel, K. (2011). Modifiable risk factors predict injuries in firefighters during training academies. Work. doi:DOI10.3233/WOR-121545

 

Functional Movement Screen and Aerobic Fitness Predict Injuries in Military Training

This article found that during Marine Corp officer training, slow run times were associated with increased injury risk, and combining poor run time and low FMS scores significantly increased the injury predictive value.

Lisman, P., O’Connor, F. G., Deuster, P. A., & Knapik, J. J. (2013). Functional Movement Screen and Aerobic Fitness Predict Injuries in Military Training. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 45(4), 636-643.

 

The Relationship Between Functional Movement, Balance Deficits and Prior Injury History in Deploying Marine Warfighters

This article found that the Functional Movement Screen and Y-Balance test should be used together to develop a complete risk factor screen. Additionally, Marines with high-risk FMS were twice as likely to have high-risk YBT Posteromedial scores.

Duong, T. T., Englander, J., Wright, J., Cifu, D. X., Greenwald, B. D., & Brown, A. W. (2004). Relationship between strength, balance, and swallowing deficits and outcome after traumatic brain injury: A multicenter analysis. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 85(8), 1291-1297

 

Reliability

 

 

The interrater and intrarater reliability of the functional movement screen: A systematic review with meta-analysis

This article found overall, the FMS is a reliable tool for clinical practice.

Cuchna, J. W., Hoch, M. C., & Hoch, J. M. (2016). The interrater and intrarater reliability of the functional movement screen: A systematic review with meta-analysis. Physical Therapy in Sport, 19, 57-65. doi:10.1016/j.ptsp.2015.12.002

 

Real-Time Intersession and Interrater Reliability of the Functional Movement Screen

This article found that the Functional Movement Screen displayed moderate to high intersession reliability and good to high interrater reliability.

Onate, J., Dewey, T., Kollock, R., Thomas, K., Van Lunan, B., Demaio, M., & Ringleb, S. (2012). J Strength Cond Res. Real-time Intersession and Interrater Reliability of the Functional Movement Screen., 26(2), 408-15

 

Reliability, Validity, and Injury Predictive Value of the Functional Movement Screen: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This article found that FMS has excellent interrater and intrarater reliability. 

Bonazza, N. A., Smuin, D., Onks, C. A., Silvis, M. L., & Dhawan, A. (2016). Reliability, Validity, and Injury Predictive Value of the Functional Movement Screen: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. doi:10.1177/0363546516641937

 

Intrarater Reliability of the Functional Movement Screen

This article found that interrater reliability is strong and seems to strengthen when the individuals have experience using the FMS in addition to clinical experience.

Gribble, P., Brigle, J., Pietrosimone, B., Pfile, K., & Webster, K. (n.d.). IntraraterReliability of the Functional Movement Screen. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 978-981

 

The Functional Movement Screen: a Reliability Study

This article found that the FMS composite score demonstrated moderate to good interrater and intrarater reliability. 

Teyhen, D., Shaffer, S., Lorenson, C., Halfpap, J., Donofry, D., Walker, M., .  Childs, J. (n.d.). The Functional Movement Screen: A Reliability Study. Journal of Orthopaedic& Sports Physical Therapy, 530-540

 

Interrater and intrarater reliability of the Functional Movement Screen

This article found that the Hurdle step test is the least reliable test, whereas the shoulder mobility was the most reliable. Additionally, the FMS could be consistently scored by people with varying degrees of experience with the FMS after a 2-hour training session.

Smith, C., Chimera, N., Wright, N., & Warren, M. (n.d.). Interrater and IntraraterReliability of the Functional Movement Screen. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 982-987

 

The Functional Movement Screening (FMS): an Inter-Rater Reliability Study Between Raters of Varied Eexperience

This article found that for a majority of the individual tests had as strong agreement despite the various level of experience of the raters scoring the Functional Movement Screen. Additionally, the level of experience of the rater scoring the FMS should be considered, as it appears that the expert rater was more critical than novice raters in the interpretation of the scoring criteria

Gulan, H., & Hoogenboom, B. (2014). The functional movement screening (FMS): An inter-rater reliability study between raters of varied experience. IntJ Sports PhysTher,9(1), 14-20

 

FMS and School Children 

Normative Values for the Functional Movement Screen in Adolescent School Aged Children

This article found that the mean composite FMS score of adolescent school-aged children (10 to 17 years) was 14.59.  Additionally, there was statistically significant difference in scores between females and malesNo difference in scores existed between the previous injury and those who did not report previous injury 

Abraham, A. (2015). Normative values for the functional movement screen in adolescent school aged children. IntJ Sports PhysTher, 10(1), 29-36.

 

Functional Movement Screen Differences Between Male and Female Secondary School Athletes

This article found that healthy secondary school female athletes scored lower on the total composite score than healthy secondary school male athletes. Additionally, females scored lower on the inline lunge and trunk stability push-up. Therefore, female athletes may be at higher risk for injury.

Anderson, B., Neumann, M., & Bliven, K. (n.d.). Functional Movement Screen Differences Between Male and Female Secondary School Athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,1098-1106.

 

Relationship Between Functional Movement Screen Scores, Core Strength, Posture, and Body Mass Index in School Children in Moldova

This article found that the Functional Movement Screen's 7 tests are not too difficult for 8-11-year-olds to perform. Additionally, the FMS identified at least 1 movement pattern asymmetry. 

Mitchell, U., Johnson, A., & Adamson, B. (n.d.). Relationship Between Functional Movement Screen Scores, Core Strength, Posture, and Body Mass Index in School Children in Moldova. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 1172-1179.

 

FMS Norms of Groups

Functional Movement Screen-Normative Values in Healthy Distance Runners

This article found that the mean FMS score was for healthy distance runners was13.13, that indicated a relatively high predictability for running injuries. additionally, there were no significant differences in FMS scores between novice and experienced runners.

However, significant differences were found in the deep squat ,trunk stability push-up ,and active straight leg raise components

Agresta, C., Slobodinsky, M., & Tucker, C. (2014). Functional movement Screen-Normative values in healthy distance runners. IntJ Sports Med,35(14), 1203-7. doi:10.1055/s-0034-1382055

 

Functional Movement Screen Scores in a Group of Running Athletes

This article found that there was no significant difference in the composite score between women and men. Although, authors noted significant differences between the sexes in straight leg test scores, with the women scoring better. Additionally, Significant difference was found in the composite scores between younger and older runners.

Loudon, J., Parkerson-Mitchell, A., Hildebrand, L., & Teaque, C. (2014). Parkerson-Mitchell. J Strength Cond Res, 28(4), 909-13. doi:10.1097/JSC.0000000000000233

 

Normative Data for the Functional Movement Screen in Middle-Aged Adults

This article found that exercise participation level was positively associated with higher FMS scores. 

Additionally , the higher the participants BMI and age the lower FMS scores. 

Perry, F., & Koehle, M. (n.d.). Normative Data for the Functional Movement Screen in Middle-Aged Adults. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 458-462

 

Functional Movement Screen Normative Values in a Young, Active Population

This article found that the mean composite FMS score was 15.7 for young active male population groups. 

Schneiders, D., Davidsson, A., Horman, E., & Sullivan, P. (2011). Functional movement screen normative values in a young, active population. IntJ Sports PhysTher, 6(2), 75-82

 

Performance Validity

Functional Movement Scores and Longitudinal Performance Outcomes in Elite Track and Field Athletes

This article found that athletes who scored 15 or above would result in an increased personal bests over the year. Additionally, scoring 3 on Deep Squat would results in a better personal best compared to 2 and 1. 

The authors also note that FMS scores can be associated with the likelihood of future injury, and is also related to the ability to improve longitudinal competitive performance outcomes.

Chapman, R., Laymon, A., & Arnold, T. (2014). Functional movement scores and longitudinal performance outcomes in elite track and field athletes. IntJ Sports PhyiolPerform, 9(2)

 

Clinical Measures Associated with Dynamic Balance and Functional Movement

This article found that superior performance on the Y-Balance Test was associated with better performance on the FMS Inline lunge and upper trunk mobility tests.

Additionally, superior performance on the FMS was associated with greater anterior reach on the Y-balance test. 

Teyhen, D., Shaffer, S., Lorenson, C., Greenberg, M., Rogers, S., Koreerat, C., Childs, J. (n.d.). Clinical Measures Associated With Dynamic Balance and Functional Movement. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 1272-1283

 

A Preliminary Investigation into the Relationship Between Functional Movement Screen Scores and Athletic Physical Performance in Female Team Sport Athletes

This article found no relationship between FMS and athletic performance in female team sport athletes.


Lockie, R., Schultz, A., Callaghan, S., Corrin, C., Luczo, T., & Jeffriess, M. (2014). A preliminary investigation into the relationship between functional movement screen scores and athletic physical performance in female team sport athletes.Biology of Sport BiolSport, 41-51

 

The Effect of an Intervention Program on Functional Movement Screen Test Scores in Mixed Martial Arts Athletes

This article found that that a 4-week intervention program was sufficient at improving FMS scores compared to a control group and intervention group. 

 

Additionally, a greater number of participants in the intervention group were free from asymmetry at week 4 and week 8 compared with the initial test period. 

 

Bodden, J. G., Needham, R. A., & Chockalingam, N. (2015). The Effect of an Intervention Program on Functional Movement Screen Test Scores in Mixed Martial Arts Athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(1), 219-225.

 

FMS and Childhood Obesity

The Association Between Functional Movement and Overweight and Obesity in British Primary School Children

 

This article found that Functional movement scores were significantly higher for normal weight children compared to obese children aged 7-10-year-old. 

Additionally, normal weight children performed significantly better on all individual test, while overweight children scored significantly better than obese in the hurdle step, in line lunge, shoulder mobility, and active straight leg raise.

Duncan, M., Stanley, M., & Wright, S. (n.d.). The association between functional movement and overweight and obesity in British primary school children. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation BMC Sports SciMed Rehabil, 11-11

 

Functional Movement is Negatively Associated with Weight Status and Positively Associated with Physical Activity in British Primary School Children

This article found that Functional movement scores can be affected by ambulatory physical activity and weight status in British children aged 5-11. 

Ducan, M., & Stanley, M. (2012). Functional Movement Is Negatively Associated with Weight Status and Positively Associated with Physical Activity in British Primary School Children. Journal of Obesity, 2012. doi:10.1155/2012/697563

 

Breathing Disorders and FMS Results

Breathing Pattern Disorders and Functional Movement

This article found that individuals who exhibited biochemical and biomechanical signs of Breathing Pattern Disorder were significantly more likely to score poorly on the FMS.

Bradley, H., & Esformes, J. (2014). Breathing Pattern Disorders and Functional Movement. IntJ Sports PhysTher, 9(1), 28-29

 

Rehabilitation

Functional Movement Competency and Dynamic Balance After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Adolescent Patients

This article found that the Functional Movement Screen can identify unique functional movement deficits in Skeletally Immune and Skeletally mature adolescents, which highlight the need for maturity-specific rehabilitation strategies for adolescent patients undergoing ACL reconstruction.

Boyle, M., Butler, R., & Queen, R. (n.d.). Functional Movement Competency and Dynamic Balance After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Adolescent Patients. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, 1-1

 


Please login to leave a comment

1 Comments

  • author

    Traci Tauferner 12/19/2016 9:23:05 PM

    Thank you for having these on your website! I really appreciate it.